Professional Engineers Of North Carolina

FALL 2014

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17 Fall 2014 the Professional Engineer for electricity generation, while creating competition in the transportation fuel sector that may positively afect fuel prices domestically and abroad. In cities where attainment of sufcient air quality to comply with federal emission and contaminant standards is challenging, a common strategy is the use of CNG- fueled buses. More and more trucking feets are converting to CNG (where fueling infrastructure exists) to take advantage of a signifcant fuel cost savings as compared to diesel fuel. Te "Biogas Opportunities Roadmap," developed by the EPA, DOE and USDA, commits these agencies to greater collaboration and increased funding support for the development of biogas systems. It also involves the establishment of a working group comprised of agency members for the purpose of identifying and overcoming barriers to biogas and bioenergy system development in the United States. Given its very rich organic waste resources, North Carolina needs a state-specifc plan for developing these valuable organic bioenergy resources. State leaders should take steps to identify the policy barriers, risk mitigation strategies and other inhibitors that have slowed the pace of bioenergy development in North Carolina to a crawl. In the absence of such a state-specifc plan, North Carolina simply remains price takers on transportation and energy fuels and will watch as other states pioneer and proft from bioenergy systems that attract away biotechnology businesses. Te state will sufer the slow and painful decline of our robust agricultural economy. As previously mentioned, North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University have performed assessments of bioenergy technologies and systems that have been built and tried in North Carolina. Tese institutions also have identifed areas for potential performance and economic improvement. Likewise, there is knowledge and experience that can be obtained from the North Carolina utilities that have been engaged in activities to comply with the REPS; project developers and fnanciers who have put these systems on the ground; and operators — including consultants, municipal public works staf and farmers — who can contribute to the development of a robust plan for North Carolina to promote the benefcial development of these organic bioenergy resources. Te result of such eforts will provide leadership for North Carolina renewable energy development that provides not only the strengthening and diversifcation of our state's energy and fuel portfolio, but also improvements in our economy and environment that can promote and sustain the balance of population needs and our agricultural sector. Most scientists believe it took several-hundred- thousand years for the temperatures and pressures of Earth to convert plants and animals into the crude oil, coal and natural gas we now use for fuel and electricity. We can convert our organic wastes into biogas (natural gas) in less than two days. In this sense, for an organi- cally rich state as North Carolina, our greatest renewable energy development opportunity is truly above the dirt. North Carolina potential Permitted hogs Asheville Triad Charlotte Raleigh/RTP Wilmington 0-2,205 2,206-5,000 5,001-9,922 9,923-27,280 27,281-72,929 Gus Simmons, PE, is the Vice President and Director of Engineering for Cavanaugh & Associates, PA in Wilming- ton, N.C. — a consulting engineering frm that specializes in stewardship of our earthly resources through innovation. He is the current Past President of PENC.

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